With the increasing use of electric vehicles, the need for devices to charge them optimally is also increasing. This is why installing charging stations at home or at work is so helpful. Not only can you charge your vehicle while you are at home or at work, but can also benefit from charging with low-cost available renewable energy available on site.
There are many types of charging stations with different types of power, such as AC or DC, single-phase or three-phase, as well as different power levels and plug designs. Charging stations have a socket outlet, into which a cable can be plugged. The cable is connected to the vehicle inlet and the energy and charge management system is responsible for supplying power to the batteries of the electric vehicle.
In European countries, the use of electric vehicles is increasing massively, so optimized charging and discharging models are of great interest in order to generate additional revenue streams. Bidirectional charging is an example of the potential synergies between renewable energy production, mobility demand, self-consumption optimization and the promotion of decentralized systems.